DHS Starts New Provisional Waiver for Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens

On January 2, 2013, Department of Homeland Security announced the posting of a final rule in the Federal Register that allows certain immediate relatives of U.S. citizens who are physically present in the U.S. to apply for a provisional unlawful presence waiver from within the U.S.

BACKGROUND – Under the current law, immediate relatives of U.S. citizens (children, spouses and parents) who are not eligible to adjust status in the U.S. to become lawful permanent residents must leave the U.S. and obtain an immigrant visa abroad. Individuals who have accrued more than six months of unlawful presence while in the U.S. must obtain a waiver to overcome the unlawful presence inadmissibility bar before they can obtain an immigrant visa to return to the U.S. This process can take from several months to a year or longer to return to the U.S.

NEW PROCESS – Under the new provisional waiver process, immediate relatives must still depart the U.S. for the consular immigrant visa process, however, they will be able to apply for a provisional waiver (only as to certain unlawful presence inadmissibility grounds) before they depart for their immigrant visa interview in their home country and can remain with their families in the U.S. while a decision on the waiver application is pending. Meaning the time necessary to remain outside the U.S. is reduced to days or a couple of weeks.

ELIGIBILITY – In order to be eligible to apply for the waiver under the new regulations, the applicant must:

  • Be an immediate relative of U.S. Citizen (spouse, child, parent);
  • Be the beneficiary of an approved immediate relative petition;
  • Be 17 years of age or old or older;
  • Be present in the U.S. at the time of filing the application for a provisional waiver and for biometrics collection at a USCIS Application Support Center;
  • Have a case pending with the Department of State (DOS) based on the approved immediate relative petition and has paid the immigrant visa processing fee; and
  • Show extreme hardship to his or her U.S. citizen spouse or parent.

Upon departure from the U.S., the applicant will be subject to the unlawful presence ground of inadmissibility only. If additional waivers for other grounds of inadmissibility are required, the applicant will not be eligible to use the provisional waiver process.

In addition to these eligibility requirements, the Department of State must not have acted to schedule the immigrant visa interview for the applicant before the publication of date of the final rule in the Federal Register, January 3, 2013.Those ineligible to file under this rule may still be able to file a provisional waiver, for example, if a new I-130 relative petition is filed with USCIS by a different petitioner on their behalf.

EFFECTIVE DATE – The new process will become effective on March 4, 2013. The filing fee is $585 for the I-601A provisional waiver form. No filings will be accepted by USCIS before this date. The projected processing time for the waivers will be approximately four-six months.

El 2 de enero de 2013, del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional anunció la publicación de una norma definitiva en el Registro Federal que permite a ciertos parientes inmediatos de ciudadanos estadounidenses que se encuentren físicamente en los EE.UU. para solicitar una exención provisional de presencia ilegal en los EE.UU.

ANTECEDENTES – Bajo la ley actual, los familiares inmediatos de ciudadanos estadounidenses (hijos, cónyuges y padres) que no es elegible para ajustar su estatus en los EE.UU. para convertirse en residentes permanentes legales deben salir de los EE.UU. y obtener una visa de inmigrante en el extranjero. Las personas que han acumulado más de seis meses de presencia ilegal mientras que en los EE.UU. deben obtener una exención para superar la barra de inadmisibilidad presencia ilegal antes de que puedan obtener una visa de inmigrante para regresar a los EE.UU. Este proceso puede durar desde varios meses a un año o más para volver a los EE.UU.

NUEVO PROCESO – En el marco del proceso de exención provisional nuevo, los familiares inmediatos aún debe salir de los EE.UU. para el proceso de la visa consular inmigrante, sin embargo, podrá solicitar una exención provisional (sólo para determinados motivos ilegítimos presencia de inadmisibilidad) antes de su salida para su entrevista de visa de inmigrante en su país de origen y pueden permanecer con sus familias en los EE.UU., mientras que la decisión sobre la solicitud de exención se encuentra pendiente. Es decir, el tiempo necesario para permanecer fuera de los EE.UU. se reduce a días o un par de semanas.

ELEGIBILIDAD – Con el fin de ser elegible para solicitar la dispensa de conformidad con la nueva normativa, el solicitante deberá:

Sea un pariente inmediato de un ciudadano de EE.UU. (cónyuge, hijos, padres);
Ser beneficiario de una petición de pariente inmediato aprobado;
Tener 17 años de edad o de edad o más;
Estar presentes en los EE.UU. en el momento de presentar la solicitud de exención provisional y para la recolección de datos biométricos en un Centro de Apoyo USCIS Aplicación;
Tiene un caso pendiente ante el Departamento de Estado (DOS), basado en el aprobado por la petición de pariente inmediato y ha pagado la cuota de procesamiento de visas de inmigrante, y
Mostrar dificultades extremas para su cónyuge ciudadano de EE.UU. o de los padres.
A la salida de los EE.UU., el solicitante estará sujeta al suelo la presencia ilegal de inadmisibilidad solamente. Si renuncias adicionales para otros motivos de inadmisibilidad son necesarios, el solicitante no tendrá derecho a utilizar el proceso de exención provisional.

Además de estos requisitos, el Departamento de Estado no debe haber actuado para programar la entrevista de visa de inmigrante para el solicitante antes de la fecha de publicación de la regla final en el Federal Register, 3 de enero de 2013.Those requisitos para presentar bajo esta regla todavía puede ser capaz de presentar una renuncia provisional, por ejemplo, si una nueva petición I-130 se presenta en relación con el USCIS por un solicitante distinto en su nombre.

FECHA DE VIGENCIA – El nuevo proceso se hará efectivo el 4 de marzo de 2013. El costo de tramitación es de $ 585 para el formulario I-601A renuncia provisional. No se aceptarán los documentos presentados por el USCIS antes de esta fecha. El tiempo de proceso previsto para las renuncias será de aproximadamente cuatro y seis meses.

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